Wheat, oats, rye and barley - grain-based foods are very nutritious with many health benefits. What's more, they are a very reasonably priced choice in food stores.

For hundreds of years, grain has played an important role for human life in the Nordic countries. For example, in the 18th Century when food was scarce, grain, in the form of gruel, porridge and bread, made up around 80 percent of diets. We used to eat a lot of rye and barley, but little wheat. Today, however, wheat is the most common cereal in the Nordic countries.

Even today, grain is a very important staple food that is grown in almost half the total cultivated land in the world.

Wheat

Wheat and wheat grains are recognised by their pale brown colour and plump shape without shoots.

Havre har ett karaktäristiskt utseende och är det sädesslag som är lättast att känna igen då det inte samlat ax, utan blommar i en vippa med småax.

Oats

Oats have a characteristic appearance and are the cereal that is easiest to recognise as they blossom in a panicle with small ears rather than a combined ear.

Rye

Rye and rye grains can have several different shades and colours where the most common colours are blue green and orange shades.

Barley

Barley has long sharp ears and the golden grains sit inside these. The grains are used for products such as flour and grain.